Vaccinations
Vaccinations and vaccines
Although now more and more often we hear about parents who refuse to vaccinate their children due to the negative impact that they have the vaccine on the body, it should be noted, however, that it is precisely vaccine is one of the recommended by doctors methods of protecting of the body of the child and the adult from serious diseases that before the advent of vaccines ravaged the whole of Europe.

Vaccines and their action
The vaccine is a preparation of natural origin, that comprises antigen derived from selected strains of bacteria, the attenuated properties of which have reduced the virulence are dead or harmless to the human body. The task of antigen is to stimulate the immune system, so as to he recognized this antigen as harmful and began its fight. Then, the immune system produces memory to vaccination, or in the case of bacteria similar to the antigen will know how to cope with its combating.

Vaccines can be divided in various ways, one of the partition is the division of on the specific vaccine, that is directed against a specific disease, or non-specific, whose task is raising the overall resistance of the body. The vaccines may be administered orally, by injection or by inhalation through into the nose. To 1980. were obligatory were also vaccinated against smallpox, that was carried out by using the tools used to jams skin or by repeatedly puncture the of epidermis in one place with a thin needle.

 

Calendar of vaccination
Poland has Immunization Program, that contains a list of mandatory vaccinations, in the case of not surrender to them is this enforced administratively, in case of further refusal of vaccination, the law provides for a fine or reprimand.

Within 24 hours of the birth of the child should be vaccinated against Hepatitis B and tuberculosis.

In the 7 - 8 weeks of age, it should be given the vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B, and a second dose of the vaccine against hepatitis B.

After 6 - 8 weeks after the last vaccination the child should take the vaccine against polio and the second dose of vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B.

After a further 6 - 8 weeks after the last vaccination the child should take a second dose of the vaccine against polio and the third dose of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B.

In the 7 month old baby should be given a third dose of the vaccine against hepatitis B.

Thirteen, fourteen months child is taking the first dose of the vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella.

 

In the sixteenth - eighteenth week of life, the child should be given a third dose of the vaccine against polio and fourth dose of vaccine of diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B.
 
In the sixth year of age, children should take the vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio - vaccine should be polyvalent attenuated OPV is the first booster dose.

In the tenth, eleventh and twelfth year old children are vaccinated against measles, mumps and rubella.

At the age of fourteen years, they take the triple vaccine against hepatitis B, and once against diphtheria and tetanus.

Vaccination against diphtheria and tetanus should be performed once again in the last year of secondary school.