Laboratory Medicine


Laboratory diagnosis is sometimes called the medical laboratory or medical analyst, its main task is to study the composition of tissue taken from the patient for diagnosis or monitoring the effects of its treatment.

In laboratory diagnostics are used in the following research techniques:
- Microscopic technique
- Biochemical technique
- Immunological technique
- Bacteriological technique
- Instrumental Analysis
- Genetic diagnostics and molecular

Every single process in the framework of medical diagnostic is called the laboratory test.

One of the most commonly performed laboratory tests is the biochemistry of blood, it can be done for a specific disease or have a general nature. Blood tests are the first and fundamental type of research commissioned by doctors because on the basis of conclusions can be drawn about the functioning of almost all organ systems in the body. With biochemy of plasma doctor can find out a lot of valuable information on enzymes, hormones, proteins, electrolytes and trace elements in the body, on this basis, it can draw conclusions as to the correct functioning of the various organs of the body.

 

Laboratory diagnosis in medicine is used in the following areas:
- Laboratory medical diagnostics
- Medical cythomorfology
- Medical microbiology
- Laboratory medical genetics
- Laboratory medical hematology
- Laboratory medical immunology
-Laboratory medical transfusion
-Laboratory medical toxicology
-Laboratory medical hematology
-Laboratory medical parasitology
-Epidemiology